A good stair should provide you a quick, easy, and safe access to various floors of a building. You need to figure out a comfortable ratio and then start to construct the staircase. From a technical standpoint, there is nothing complicated about building stairs. Anybody who has the necessary carpentry skills can make the required cuts and assemble the parts to create a staircase. But many argue that constituting a staircase is a challenging task.
Building codes and safety measure must be kept in mind while constructing stairs. Our brain gets used to uniform and professionally built staircases, and a slight discrepancy between steps makes you lose control and trip.
Building staircases require a neat and careful layout with proper calculations. If you miscalculate the measurements, the entire plan can get affected. You can start with consulting the codes of the building you are constructing the stairs; read the office and local guidelines and then follow the right procedure. Before starting your work, make sure that take enough time to plan various things and then begin the construction.
Anatomy of Stairs:
A typical staircase contains three main components, that is, treads, stringers, and risers. Stringers are cut from 2 x 12s, and they are the sloped boards carry the weight of people walking and support the other components on the stairs. The Stringers are spaced 16 inches on center. If the staircase is wide, then the climb will be safer and comfortable.
Calculating the rise of the stairs:
One of the first steps in building stairs is to find the total or the overall vertical height; it is basically the rise that the stairs have to cover. After analyzing the entire rise of the stairs, you need to figure out the rise of each step.
Making the Stringers:
Before laying the steps, you need to understand how the stringers will join with the deck. The stringers can be attached directly to the rim at the top, or it can be connected to the framing that is under the deck. The bottom of the stringer must be trimmed to the thickness of the tread.
Treads and Risers:
The risers need to be cut and fastened to the stringers. You need to cut the treads and risers so that it overhangs the stringer; this provides a finishing look at the stairs. It is also advisable to have a small border nailed to the stringer. Install the treads and work your way up to the top. After everything is done, make sure to build the handrail that codes usually require. Calculations are one of the most important things that need to be kept in mind when you construct staircases. If you happen to make some mistake, then your construction has to be done again. Thus, time and again make sure that your measurements and calculations are done correctly.