If you are thinking of renovating your stairs as part of your home remodeling project, then you can do it yourself easily without hiring a professional. All you need to know are some basic measurements to build the stairs. In order to make the stairs, you will need to calculate a number of things.

### Learn the terminology

You should know that the main components of a staircase are treads, stringers, and risers. The vertical area of the step is called ‘riser’; the horizontal space is called ‘tread’. Stringers are the sloped boards that provide support and carries people’s weight when they go up or down the stairs. These stringers are spaced 16 inches on the center. It is better to make the staircases wide so that it’s comfortable to walk on.

### Calculate rise and run

The first measurement you should take while building stairs is the total rise; that is, the total vertical height of the staircase. Then you will need to calculate the rise of every step. The typical rise for every step is 7 inch. So, for example, if your total rise is 57 inch then you will get the number of stairs by dividing 57inch by 7 inches and rounding up the figure. In this case, you get 8 steps.So, For every step, the rise will be 57in. divided by 8, which will be equal to 71/8 in. Then you should find the total run. This is the horizontal distance. Find the horizontal depth. The run of each step will not be less than 10 in. So, the total run for 8 steps will be 80 in.

For detailed instruction on Calculating Risers watch this video:

### Staircase width

According to the current building codes, it is necessary that the staircase width should be 36 in. The width also depends on the usability of the stairs and whether you are going to have open railings or have it enclosed by walls. If you increase the width by only 4 inches then you will find the staircase more comfortable. If you need space for two people to simultaneously use the stairs, then the width should be 48 in.

### Landings

It is the floor space that is at the bottom or top of the staircase. If you have any platform in the middle then that’s also called ‘landing’. The landings should be as wide as the stairs.

### Handrails

If it’s an open rail, then it should be 36 in. above the treads. You should make the handrails according to the specific building codes.

These are some of the calculations you need to do before building stairs. All the measurements must be in compliance with the building codes. The measurements need to be very precise; otherwise, there will be issues of safety concerns. A slight wrong calculation can lead to accidents. So, you should take these measurements very carefully.

Check out this tutorial for a simple and easy Do-It-Yourself staircase:

For more helpful tips and info about stairs click below: